Chief Information Officer
History of the CIO Role. The term CIO came into existence in America in the late 1980s, early 1990s with only 10 percent of the 4000 IT departments listed in MISmagazine’s database in mid-1990s using the CIO title. Evolution of the CIO RoleThe CIO role has evolved through three distinct phases. CIO 2.0: As technology evolved to be a competitive asset – used to create competitive advantage, the CIO’s responsibility changed from managing computers to making them useful. The expectation of the CIO role became to deploy technology in line with business needs. Second generation CIOs were expected to create an IT strategy, that supported Business Strategy.
CIO 3.0 is a technology savvy innovator who anticipates the next disrupting technology coming down the pike which has the potential to demolish an organization. With the advent of the internet and the deep interconnection between marketing and IT, of late, CIO role is starting to report to the Chief Marketing Officer or alternatively, the roles of CIO and CMO are merging onto the role of the Chief Digital Officer. CIO Vs CTO»A CIO is a strategist, a CTO is a technologist. CIO role concerns itself with using technology to create business value with a focus on business-IT alignment. These distinctions are arbitrary so the roles are used interchangeably and increasingly being ignored with the CTO role morphing into the Enterprise Architect role and the CIO becoming the head of IT.
In some organizations, CTO is given to the head of the entire IT department. In others, the CTO reports to the CIO. On the rare occasion a CIO job title reports to the CTO job title. The differences between the CIO and CTO roles have many different takes.
The CIOs who will succeed will have a common set of skills. CIO and CTO Role and Responsibilities are expanding and the job description that is on file in most organizations is out of date. CIOs both visionary and pragmatic – It is not enough to plan for innovation, the CIO needs to be perceptive and realistic. As an insightful manager, a CIO promotes a broad technology agenda to help the business profit from leading-edge initiatives. At the same time as a pragmatist, a CIO deals with the realities of the business.
The CIO focuses on minimizing cost and maximizing results, in addition, the CIO helps to increase the customer and product/service base of the enterprise. CIOs focus on ROI improvement of IT – CIOs will find new ways to help customers and the organization profit from how data is used while focusing on managing budgets and processes to eliminate or reduce costs. CIOs inspire the enterprise and expand the business impact of IT – CIOs will have proven expertise in both business and technical facets of their role. CIOs will interact with the enterprise and its executive team as enterprise leaders and drive new business initiatives and shifts jointly the other members of the executive team. As businesses move into the cloud, social networking, mobile computing and big data, CIO needs to have skills in many disciplines.
Those changes are depicted in the detail job descriptions that have been created for all of the functions with IT – especially for the CIO and CTO. The table below depicts several of those changes. The job descriptions created by Janco’s executive consultants have taken these changes in role into consideration when the job descriptions for the CIO and CTO were updated.